Welcome to SWAAY's list of individuals and organizations that work to criminalize or eradicate sex workers and the sex industry. These individuals and organizations come from all walks of life and both ends of the political spectrum. Having an awareness of who is trying to banish sex work is imperative for your online safety, as supporters of sex work and the sex industry are often subject to harassment. This section is a work in progress by sex educator Megan Andelloux and indie porn model Furry Girl.

While there are thousands of groups and individuals who want to end sex work, they do not all follow the same belief structures as to why the sex industry and sex work must be stopped. They identify differently from one another in terms of how they label the work they do, but for the purpose of this list, their motivations are summarized with one or more of these four labels: , , , and . These labels were added to demonstrate that this is not a right-versus-left issue, and indeed, some of the most harmful anti-sex worker activists consider themselves enlightened progressives.

Three of the most common reasons why the individuals/organizations below want to criminalize and abolish sex work can be broken down into:

1. The belief that sex work is against God's will, and individuals who engage in the sex industry spread disease, immorality, and sin.
2. The belief that no person ever fully consents to engaging in sex work, all sex work is rape, and that it is always a form of sex trafficking.
3. The belief that while some rare "happy hookers" do not hate their jobs, they are the exception to the rule and therefore should not be acknowledged or respected.

The listings below include information on the people and groups who want to eliminate the sex industry. In addition to some basic information, there are links and quotes do you can do your own research. Understanding who you are talking to and the way they approach this issue is imperative should you decide to engage in conversation. This list is not intended to be used to harass, attack, or bully, but rather to provide some background information on individuals or organizations that work towards eradicating or criminalizing sex workers and the sex industry.

Melissa Farley - ProstitutionResearch.com

* Motivations:
* Based in: San Francisco, CA.
* Mission and background: Farley received her PhD in Counseling Psychology from the University of Iowa in 1973. She founded Prostitution Research & Education in 1995, a nonprofit that conducts dubious "research" on prostitution, pornography and trafficking, and offers consultations to researchers, survivors, the public and policymakers.
* In her own words: "If you look at it, [prostitution is] paid rape. You're making them subservient during that time, so you're the dominant person. She has to do what you want." On how all sex work is slavery: "Prostitution has its very own plantation system. While the women in street prostitution work the fields, call girls, escorts and massage parlor workers are the house ni****s of this system."
* De-bunkings and rebuttals: Newsweek Embraces Melissa Farley’s Unscrupulous Crusade; A Load of Farley; Some thougts on the Newsweek story on the new Farley “research”; Disgusting, Dishonest, Damaging: Newsweek Calls YOU "The John Next Door"; Complaint Filed Against Melissa Farley.

Shared Hope International - SharedHope.org

* Motivations:
* Based in: Washington State.
* Mission and background: Founded by the conservative Senator Linda Smith, "Shared Hope International exists to rescue and restore women and children in crisis. We are leaders in a worldwide effort to prevent and eradicate sex trafficking and slavery through education and public awareness."
* In her own words: "We need to figure out if we can find a way to make it not OK to buy pornography, not OK to fuel that sex industry, because it's fueling the victimization of the child used in pornography, of the woman in despair used in pornography."
* De-bunkings and rebuttals: An expose in The Village Voice which covers SHI; Raising Awareness About The Anti-Sex Trafficking Movement on Feminist Whore.

Donna Hughes
* Motivations:
* Based in: Rhode Island.
* Mission and background: Hughes received her PhD in Genetics from Pennsylvania State University in 1990, and is currently a professor of Women's Studies at the University of Rhode Island. She operates a group called Citizens Against Trafficking, which no longer has a web site after letting their domain expire.
* In her own words: "Mainstream feminists like to say [President George W Bush is] anti-woman, but by supporting the abolitionist work against the global sex trade, he has done more for women and girls than any one other president I can think of... Years from now, when the anti-Bush hysteria has died away, I believe he will be recognized as a true advocate for women's freedom and human rights." - From an interview in The National Review.
* De-bunkings and rebuttals: Citizens Against Trafficking Mangles Facts, Again; Rhode Island Criminalizes Sex Work and the Consequences; When Right-Wing Feminists Attack.

DNA Foundation - demiandashton.org

* Motivations:
* Based in: Los Angeles, CA
* Mission and background: An anti-trafficking/anti-sex industry organization started for Demi Moore and Ashton Kutcher by Global Philanthropy Group, a public relations company that does "charity consulting" for celebrities. Their "Real Men Don't Buy Girls" campaign has focused on conflating all sex work with child sex slavery, attacking Backpage.com/The Village Voice for their escort ads, and hyping urban legend-like "statistics."
* In their own words: "Today, more than twelve million people worldwide are enslaved. An estimated two million children are bought and sold in the global commercial sex trade... Thousands of children are forced into domestic sex slavery each year and that the average age of entry is 13 years old."
* De-bunkings and rebuttals: Real Men Get Their Facts Straight; It Takes More Than Wanting to Help to Do Good Right; If You Can’t Accept Facts, You Can’t Be An Ally; In Defense of Backpage; Only playing stupid about sex trafficking?; Hype, Hustle, Harm: Why Ashton Kutcher, Demi Moore, and the DNA Foundation Need To Stand Down; What's Wrong with Ashton Kutcher's Campaign Against Sex Work? Plenty.

The Coalition Against Trafficking in Women - CATWinternational.org

* Motivations:
* Based in: New York City, NY.
* Mission and background: Founded in 1988, CATW is a nonprofit that works internationally to fight prostitution and trafficking in women and children, with a focus on the "end demand" model.
* In their own words: "All prostitution exploits women, regardless of women's consent."
* De-bunkings and rebuttals: The Growing Moral Panic Over Prostitution and Sex Trafficking (PDF).

Janice Raymond - CATWinternational.org/bio_JaniceRaymond.php

* Motivations:
* Based in: Boston, MA.
* Mission and background: Raymond is a former nun who received a PhD in Ethics and Society from Boston College in 1977, and her Masters in Religious Studies from Andover Newton Theological School in 1971. She is the former co-executive director of CATW, and a current board member. Raymond is well-known to the queer community for her hatred of transgender individuals, including calls for transgender people to be "morally mandated out of existence," and activism against allowing transgender people to receive government funding for healthcare.
* In her own words: "Legalizing prostitution means legalization of sexual slavery for women and children. You have the chance to reject the old and failed policies of legalized prostitution that make inequality of women and men legal. You have the chance instead to promote equality by giving women in prostitution the chance for a real future - by assisting them to get out of prostitution. Legalization keeps women IN prostitution." - Speech in Budapest in 2004.
* De-bunkings and rebuttals: Raymond's profile on A Gender Variance Who's Who; Why The Trans Community Hates Dr. Janice G. Raymond on TransGriot.

Captive Daughters - CaptiveDaughters.org

* Motivations:
* Based in: Los Angeles, CA.
* Mission and background: Captive Daughters focuses on combating sex trafficking and calling for the elimination of prostitution. They work to conflate prostitution and forced trafficking, and interchangeably speak of adult prostitution and the rape and exploitation of children.
* In their own words: "Where prostitution is legalized or tolerated, there is a greater demand for human trafficking victims and nearly always an increase in the number of women and children trafficked into commercial sex slavery."
* De-bunkings and rebuttals:

Craig Gross - CraigGross.com and XXXchurch.com

* Motivations:
* Based in: Southern California.
* Mission and background: A young minister who markets religion from a "hip," casual angle, Gross started Fireproof Ministries in 1998. He started XXX Church in 2002 when he heard people revealing a struggle with pornography as a minister. He has appeared on every major news outlet, and is known for attending porn conventions and handing out Bibles.
* In his own words: "Caught up in secret habits or mutual fantasies, most married people have not been made aware of the dangers of pornography. With unflinching honesty and realness it is possible to awaken people to the destructive nature of porn."
* De-bunkings and rebuttals:

International Justice Mission - IJM.org

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Polaris Project - PolarisProject.org

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Not for Sale - NotforSaleCampaign.org

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Robert Brannon - NOMAS.org

* Motivations:
* Based in:
* Mission and background: Brannon is the founder of NOMAS, the National Organization for Men Against Sexism. Does not believe that consensual sex work exists, advocates against the use of the term sex worker, champions the condescending phrase "girls used in prostitution."
* In his own words: "The argument that pornography is 'Speech' and thus protected by the First Amendment, has won repeatedly in the US courts, and defeated all efforts to limit the scope of pornography. How can we ever beat this argument?"
* De-bunkings and rebuttals:

Lisa Thompson of The Salvation Army - IAST.net

* Motivations:
* Based in: Washington, DC.
* Mission and background: Thompson heads the Initiative Against Sexual Trafficking for The Salvation Army. The Salvation Army opposes pornography in all forms, because pornography supposedly attacks and distorts God's design, depersonalizes sexuality, and emphasizes the carnal to the neglect of loving relationships and commitment.
* In her own words: "Pornography is an increasingly harmful scourge on society, endangering and degrading the physical, moral, and spiritual welfare of all those involved. It is clearly linked with prostitution, sexual abuse and assault, and other forms of sexual exploitation. Pornography promotes deviant sex and violence. It harms and demeans those who are portrayed as sexual objects, as well as its users and purveyors."
* De-bunkings and rebuttals: A video looking at "Hands That Heal," The Salvation Army's guide to caring for survivors of trafficking.

Robert Jensen - ThirdCoastActivist.org

* Motivations:
* Based in: Austin, TX.
* Mission and background: Jensen received his PhD in Journalism and Mass Communication from the University of Minnesota in 1992. He currently works as a professor of Journalism at University of Texas at Austin. In 2006, Jensen co-founded of Stop Porn Culture, a national group that provides "educational" resources to people who want to organize against pornography. He also worked as a consultant for The Price of Pleasure documentary.
* In his own words: "The many different women who engage in sex in front of a camera make that choice to be used in pornography under a wide range of psychological, social and economic conditions. The choices women make to reduce themselves to sexual objects for men’s masturbation are complex, and we should be cautious about generalizations and judgments."
* De-bunkings and rebuttals: A review of Jensen's book, Getting Off: Pornography and the End of Masculinity.

Rebecca Whisnant

* Motivations:
* Based in: Dayton, OH.
* Mission and background: Whisnant received her PhD in Philosophy from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and is currently is an Associate Professor Women's and Gender Studies Program at University of Dayton. Member of Stop Porn Culture.
* In her own words: "I would just add that, even if we grant for the sake of argument that some few women engage in prostitution, stripping, or pornography without being harmed by it, that does not erase the fact that these practices cause enormous harm to the vast majority of women within them (as well as to women in general). To me, that seems like adequate grounds for opposing them. It doesn't seem complicated to me. Even if this is okay for a few women, these industries' costs to other women are simply too great." And, "The law is an incredibly powerful tool for shaping social perceptions, as well as controlling behavior."
* De-bunkings and rebuttals:

Catherine MacKinnon

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Hunt Alternatives Fund - HuntAlternatives.org

* Motivations:
* Based in: Cambridge, MA.
* Mission and background: Founded by philanthropist sisters Helen and Swanee Hunt of the Hunt Oil Company family wealth. Alongside their other nonprofit, the Women's Funding Network, the Hunts are major financial backers of the anti-trafficking/anti-sex worker movement. Conflates all forms of sex work with slavery. They also recently bankrolled a national sting operation against men who seek to buy sexual services.
* In their own words: "Although slavery is illegal in every country in the world, it exists in every nation and in our own backyards. Slavery is more prevalent today than at any point in history, with estimates as high as 27 million slaves worldwide - greater than the total population stolen from Africa during four centuries of the transatlantic slave trade."
* De-bunkings and rebuttals: Women's Funding Network sex trafficking study is junk science; Business strategies brought to campaign to ‘End Demand’ for commercial sex.

Gail Dines

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Michael Leahy

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Pamela Paul

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Shelley Lubben

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